Skin Pigmentation Treatment

Excessive skin pigmentation can be from a number of causes including UV exposure, hormones, skin trauma, and congenital (existing from birth).

Excessive skin pigmentation is a result of abnormal production and deposition of melanin by the melanocytes. Melanocytes are pigment-producing cells. The number of melanocytes present in our skin will determine our skin colour. Production of melanin is dependent on UV or sun exposure, and is a natural protective mechanism of the skin.

Causes for skin pigmentation include:

  • UV radiation – in most cases, especially in areas of high UV radiation levels like Australia, skin pigmentation problems can be caused by excessive UV or sun exposure (most common)
  • Hormonal – as seen in melasma or chloasma that is a type of pigmentation usually caused by pregnancy or the pill (common)
  • Trauma to the skin – this can be a result of physical trauma to the skin, chemical peels, laser treatments, or acne. This is known as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (common).
  • Birthmarks and acquired pigmentation – skin pigmentation can be present at birth (birthmarks), appear in childhood, or adulthood. Examples of these include; congenital melanocytic naevus, cafe au lait spots, spilus naevus, hori’s macules, and naevus of ota.

At Cairns Skin Centre we offer a range of treatment options to remove or improve the appearance of your pigmentation. Treatment options include IPL, chemical peels and laser which produce a faster and more effective result then topical creams.

Call and make an appointment with one of our experienced cosmetic nurses to discuss treatment options today!